Posicionamento do recém-nascido prematuro em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal

Yndiara Kássia da Cunha Soares, Paula Oliveira Santos

Resumo


Objetivo: analisar na literatura as evidências científicas disponíveis sobre o posicionamento do recém-nascido prematuro (RNPT) em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS E BDENF no mês de fevereiro de 2020 sem delimitação temporal. Resultados: foram incluídos 27 artigos, com predomínio de estudos experimentais. Constatou-se que o posicionamento pode melhorar os parâmetros fisiológicos do RNPT como respiração, frequência cardíaca, fluxo cerebral, nutrição. Além de benefícios nas respostas comportamentais com destaque para diminuição da dor, conforto, postura e sono. Conclusão: o posicionamento adequado pode contribuir para a melhora das respostas fisiológicos e comportamentais de RNPT e deve ser uma prática incorporada pela equipe de saúde.

Descritores: Recém-Nascido Prematuro; Posicionamento do paciente; Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal.

POSITIONING OF PREMATURE NEWBORN IN NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT

Objective: to analyze in the literature the scientific evidence available on the position of the premature newborn (PTNB) in a neonatal intensive care unit. Method: integrative literature review carried out in the MEDLINE / PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS AND BDENF databases in February 2020 without time delimitation. Results: 27 articles were included, with a predominance of experimental studies. It was found that positioning can improve the physiological parameters of PTNB such as breathing, heart rate, brain flow, nutrition. In addition to benefits in behavioral responses with emphasis on decreasing pain, comfort, posture and sleep. Conclusion: proper positioning can contribute to improving the physiological and behavioral responses of PTNB and should be a practice incorporated by the health team.

Descriptors: Infant, Premature; Patient Positioning; Intensive Care Units, Neonatal.

 

POSICIONAMIENTO DEL RECIÉN NACIDO PREMATURO EN UNIDAD DE CUIDADO INTENSIVO NEONATAL

Objetivo: analizar en la literatura la evidencia científica disponible sobre la posición del recién nacido prematuro (PTNB) en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales. Método: revisión integral de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos MEDLINE / PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS Y BDENF en febrero de 2020 sin delimitación del tiempo. Resultados: se incluyeron 27 artículos, con predominio de estudios experimentales. Se descubrió que el posicionamiento puede mejorar los parámetros fisiológicos de PTNB, como la respiración, la frecuencia cardíaca, el flujo cerebral y la nutrición. Además de los beneficios en las respuestas conductuales con énfasis en la disminución del dolor, la comodidad, la postura y el sueño. Conclusión: el posicionamiento adecuado puede contribuir a la mejora de las respuestas fisiológicas y conductuales de PTNB y debe ser una práctica incorporada por el equipo de salud.

Descriptores: Recien Nacido Prematuro; Posicionamiento del Paciente; Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal.

 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21675/2357-707X.2020.v11.n4.3398

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Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Eletrônico ISSN: 2357-707X

Impresso ISSN: 2177-4285

Licença Creative Commons
Este trabalho está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons - Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.