Impacto da COVID-19 sob o trabalho da enfermagem brasileira: aspectos epidemiológicos

Vagner Ferreira do Nascimento, Mariano Martínez Espinosa, Manoel Carlos Neri da Silva, Neyson Pinheiro Freire, Ana Cláudia Pereira Terças-Trettel

Resumo


Objetivo: Analisar aspectos epidemiológicos da infecção por COVID-19 nos profissionais de Enfermagem durante a emergência da pandemia no território brasileiro em 2020. Método: Estudo transversal, descritivo, quantitativo e retrospectivo, de profissionais de Enfermagem brasileiros com suspeita e/ou confirmação de infecção por COVID-19 nos meses de março e abril de 2020. Estatística descritiva foi conduzida para os dados sociodemográficos e inferenciais dos dados temporais por meio da modelagem de séries pelo modelo exponencial duplo. Resultados: Houve 8.399 suspeitos, sendo 1.750 confirmados laboratorialmente. A maioria dos profissionais são jovens, do sexo feminino, residentes em todos os Estados, com maior concentração em São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Ceará, Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco e Bahia. A atuação profissional predominou em ambiente hospitalar e a distribuição temporal dos casos e óbitos confirmados por COVID-19 apresentou comportamento exponencial. Conclusões: A sensibilização das equipes de Enfermagem quanto a notificação de irregularidades e de casos é um importante recurso para que haja a intensificação de medidas fiscalizatórias e adesão efetiva das medidas preventivas preconizadas, e consequentemente haverá preservação de vidas dos profissionais de Enfermagem e comunidades sob seus cuidados.

Descritores: Epidemiologia; Pandemias; Infecções por Coronavírus; Enfermagem; Profissionais de Enfermagem.


IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON BRAZILIAN NURSING WORK: EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological aspects of COVID-19 infection in nursing professionals during the emergence of the pandemic in Brazil in 2020. Method: Cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative and retrospective study of Brazilian nursing professionals with suspected and/or confirmed infection by COVID-19 in the months of March and April 2020. Descriptive statistics was conducted for the sociodemographic and inferential data of the temporal data through the modeling of series by the double exponential model. Results: There were 8,399 suspects, 1,750 of which were laboratory confirmed. Most professionals are young, female, residing in all states, with a greater concentration in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Ceará, Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco and Bahia. Professional performance predominated in the hospital environment and the temporal distribution of cases and deaths confirmed by COVID-19 showed exponential behavior. Conclusions: The awareness of nursing teams regarding the notification of irregularities and cases is an important resource for the intensification of inspection measures and effective adherence to the recommended preventive measures, and consequently there will be preservation of the lives of nursing professionals and communities under their care.

Descriptors: Epidemiology; Pandemics; Coronavirus Infections; Nursing; Nursing professionals.

 

IMPACTO DA COVID-19 EN EL TRABAJO DE ENFERMERÍA BRASILEÑO: ASPECTOS EPIDEMIOLÓGICOS

Objetivo: analizar los aspectos epidemiológicos de la infección por COVID-19 en profesionales de enfermería durante el surgimiento de la pandemia en Brasil en 2020. Metodo: estudio transversal, descriptivo, cuantitativo y retrospectivo de profesionales de enfermería brasileños con infección sospechada y/o confirmada por COVID-19 en los meses de marzo y abril de 2020. Se realizó estadística descriptiva para los datos sociodemográficos e inferenciales de los datos temporales a través del modelado de series por el modelo exponencial doble. Resultados: Hubo 8.399 sospechosos, 1.750 de los cuales fueron confirmados por laboratorio. La mayoría de los profesionales son jóvenes, mujeres, residentes en todos los estados, con una mayor concentración en São Paulo, Río de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Ceará, Río Grande del Sur, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco y Bahía. El desempeño profesional predominó en el ambiente hospitalario y la distribución temporal de casos y muertes confirmados por COVID-19 mostró un comportamiento exponencial. Conclusiones: La conciencia de los equipos de enfermería sobre la notificación de irregularidades y casos es un recurso importante para la intensificación de las medidas de inspección y el cumplimiento efectivo de las medidas preventivas recomendadas, y en consecuencia se preservará la vida de los profesionales de enfermería y las comunidades bajo su cuidado. 

Descriptores: Epidemiología; Pandemias; Infecciones por Coronavirus; Enfermería; Profesionales de enfermería.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21675/2357-707X.2020.v11.n1.ESP.3756

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