Necessidades pessoais de Enfermeiros durante a pandemia da COVID-19 em Mato Grosso

Vagner Ferreira do Nascimento, Thalise Yuri Hattori, Ana Cláudia Pereira Terças-Trettel


Objetivo: Identificar as necessidades pessoais de enfermeiros durante a pandemia da COVID-19 em Mato Grosso. Método: estudo exploratório e qualitativo, realizado em abril de 2020, com enfermeiros do estado de Mato Grosso. Utilizou-se o discurso do sujeito coletivo e a Teoria das Necessidades Humanas de Maslow. Resultados: Os participantes apresentaram necessidades intermediárias (segurança e sociais) quanto as categorias da teoria de Maslow. Em relação aos discursos foram obtidas quatro ideias centrais: autocuidado, necessidade de afeto, compreensão do distanciamento e prejuízos na relação conjugal. Conclusões: As necessidades pessoais dos enfermeiros refletem o impacto das medidas protetivas recomendadas durante a pandemia da COVID-19 tanto no contexto laboral como familiar.

Descritores: Pandemias; Coronavirus; Pessoal de Saúde; Carência Psicossocial.


Objective: To identify the personal needs of nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mato Grosso. Method: exploratory and qualitative study, conducted in April 2020, with Nurses from the state of Mato Grosso. The collective subject discourse and Maslow Theory of Human Needs were used. Results: The participants presented intermediate needs (security and social) regarding the categories of Maslow theory. Regarding the speeches, four central ideas were obtained: self-care, need for affection, understanding of distance and losses in the marital relationship. Conclusions: nurse personal needs reflect the impact of the protective measures recommended during the COVID-19 pandemic in both the work and family context.

Descriptors: Pandemics; Coronavirus; Health Personnel; Psychosocial Deprivation.


Objetivo: identificar las necesidades personales de las enfermeras durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en Mato Grosso. Método: estudio exploratorio y cualitativo, realizado en abril de 2020, con enfermeras del estado de Mato Grosso. Se utilizó el discurso del sujeto colectivo y la Teoría de las Necesidades Humanas de Maslow. Resultados: Los participantes presentaron necesidades intermedias (seguridad y sociales) en relación con las categorías de la teoría de Maslow. Con respecto a los discursos, se obtuvieron cuatro ideas centrales: autocuidado, necesidad de afecto, comprensión de la distancia y pérdidas en la relación matrimonial. Conclusiones: Las necesidades personales de las enfermeras reflejan el impacto de las medidas de protección recomendadas durante la pandemia de COVID-19, tanto en el contexto laboral como familiar.

Descriptores: Pandemias; Coronavirus; Personal de Salud; Carencia Psicosocial.

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